Role of Bowel Ultrasound in the Diagnosis and Follow-up of Patients with Crohn's Disease

Clara Benedetta Conti, Mariangela Giunta, Daniele Gridavilla, Dario Conte, Mirella Fraquelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Crohn's disease (CD) is an inflammatory chronic bowel disorder; it can involve the whole gastrointestinal tract, but its localization in the ileum or colon is most common. The reference standard for the diagnosis of CD is ileocolonoscopy with histologic assessment. The reference standard for the detection of any complications is surgery. However, imaging techniques have an important role both in the detection/localization of CD and in the follow-up of CD patients. In the last few years, the technical development of ultrasound equipment, the advent of new technologies such as elastography and mostly the increased expertise of sonographers have boosted the role of bowel ultrasound in assessment of the gastrointestinal tract. In fact, bowel ultrasound is particularly attractive thanks to its widespread availability, non-invasiveness, low cost and good reproducibility, as it can be easily repeated during follow-up. The aim of this article is to provide an extensive overview of the actual role of bowel ultrasound in the detection and follow-up of patients with CD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-734
Number of pages10
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Bowel ultrasound
  • Contrast-enhanced ultrasound
  • Crohn's disease
  • Elastography
  • Imaging techniques
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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