The involvement of kinins, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and tachykinins during mesenteric post-ischemic reperfusion was studied in anesthetized rats by using antagonists for bradykinin (BK) B1, BK B2, CGRP1, or tachykinin NK1 receptor, or by capsaicin-induced desensitization. B1, B2, or CGRP1 receptor antagonists or desensitization attenuated the transient hypotension and plasma protein and leukocyte infiltration of intestinal wall observed during post-ischemic reperfusion. These effects were abolished by the combination of B2 and CGRP1 blockade as well as by B2 antagonism in capsaicinized rats, while NK1 blockade was ineffective. Our results suggest that kinins and CGRP contribute to systemic vasodilatation and microvascular leakage during mesenteric reperfusion. Pharmacological blockade of these systems could help preventing hypotension and intestinal injury consequent to reperfusion.
- Calcitonin gene-related peptide
- Intestinal reperfusion
- Plasma extravasation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience