Role of causality in the evaluation of coherence and transfer function between heart period and systolic pressure in humans

L. Faes, A. Porta, R. Antolini, G. Nollo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To elicit the effects of considering causality in the study of the interactions between RR interval and systolic pressure (SP) variability, the traditional noncausal cross-spectral analysis was compared with a causal method able to separate the two arms of the RR-SP regulatory loop. Estimates of coherence (K) and causal coherences from SP to RR (Ksr) and from RR to SP (Krs), and of noncausal (G) and causal (Gsr) baroreflex gain were evaluated at 0.1 Hz in 10 healthy young subjects in the supine position and after head-up tilt. While K was high in both conditions, at rest Ksr was significantly lower than Krs. After tilt, Ksr increased and Krs decreased significantly. With respect to G, Gsr was significantly lower at rest and comparable after tilt. Thus, in the supine position the prevalence of non-baroreflex coupling mechanisms led the traditional approach to overestimate the baroreflex gain, while the tilt-induced activation of the baroreflex control made similar the gain estimates.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputers in Cardiology
EditorsA. Murray
Pages277-280
Number of pages4
Volume31
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventComputers in Cardiology 2004 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Sep 19 2004Sep 22 2004

Other

OtherComputers in Cardiology 2004
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period9/19/049/22/04

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Software

Cite this

Faes, L., Porta, A., Antolini, R., & Nollo, G. (2004). Role of causality in the evaluation of coherence and transfer function between heart period and systolic pressure in humans. In A. Murray (Ed.), Computers in Cardiology (Vol. 31, pp. 277-280)