Objective: To investigate the role of CYP2D6 phenotype in the outcome of postoperative (PO) pain (POP) treatment. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Open-label trial with post hoc analysis. Setting: General Hospital Surgery and Recovery Units. Patients: Ninety unrelated Caucasians submitted to abdominal/thoracic surgery. Interventions: Standard multimodal POP treatment including opioids (tramadol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ketoprofen) at different dosages and infusion rates according to the predicted mild, moderate, or severe POP. Outcome Measures: Pain (Numeric Rating Scale-NRS) and sedation (Ramsay Sedation Scale-RSS) up to 24 hours after surgery. By genotyping 16 CYP2D6 alleles, the four CYP2D6 phenotypes poor metabolizer (PM), intermediate metabolizers (IM), extensive metabolizers (EM) and ultrarapid metabolizers (UM) were predicted. Results: As compared with the CYP2D6-EM phenotype, in the early PO time (30 min) a higher RSS mean score in IM was observed (P=0.035). A suggestion towards higher mean score in PM (P=0.091) and a minor mean score in UM (P=0.091) was also detected. No difference in the outcome of pain across the CYP2D6 phenotypes was observed. Conclusions: In respect to the normal CYP2D6 phenotype, our results suggested that slowly metabolizers (IMs and PMs) might have a major sedation, whereas more rapid metabolizers (UM) a minor sedation, in the early time after surgery. A minor role of CYP2D6 phenotype in PO analgesia may be suggested.
- Cytochrome P450
- Postoperative Pain Treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine