Role of early symptoms in assessment of syncope in elderly people: Results from the Italian group for the study of syncope in the elderly

Galizia Galizia, Pasquale Abete, Chiara Mussi, Gabriele Noro, Alessandro Morrione, Assunta Langellotto, Annalisa Landi, Francesco Cacciatore, Giulio Masotti, Franco Rengo, Niccolò Marchionni, Andrea Ungar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the ability of specific early symptoms to predict cardiac and noncardiac syncope in elderly people. DESIGN: Multicenter cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Inpatient geriatric acute care departments and outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred forty-two patients with syncope (mean age 79±8) consecutively referred for evaluation of transient loss of consciousness to any of six clinical centers participating in the Italian Group for the Study of Syncope in the Elderly (GIS Study). MEASUREMENTS: All patients were assessed according to European Society of Cardiology Syncope guidelines and interviewed about symptoms and signs present before syncope. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-four of 242 patients (75.4%) had noncardiac syncope, and 34 (14.7%) had cardiac syncope; 165 patients (71.1%) related symptoms before the loss of consciousness. When elderly patients with syncope were stratified for the presence and absence of symptoms, noncardiac syncope showed the highest prevalence of symptoms (75.3%, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Cardiac
  • Early symptoms
  • Noncardiac
  • Syncope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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