Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) of the CNS have been recently characterized as a distinct clinicopathologic entity with an unusually poor prognosis and with the highest incidence in the first 2 years of life. It often arises in the posterior fossa and its distinctive immunohistochemical (negative stain for INI-1) and cytogenetic features (monosomy or deletion of chromosome 22) permit an adequate diagnosis in most of cases. AT/RT of the CNS is a usually fatal disease virtually unresponsive to chemotherapy (CT) and radiotherapy (RT). Rapid progression and CNS dissemination are commonly reported. Whether combined regimens including highdose CT are able to prolong survival or change the natural history of this tumor are under evaluation.
- High-dose chemotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health