T helper (h) lymphocytes in pathogenic immune response at mucosal effector site play a key role in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We evaluated the impact of some Th1/Th2?Th3/TR-type, and of monocyte/ macrophage cytokines on IgAN susceptibility with a family-based association study including 53 patients, 45 complete trios, 4 incomplete trios and 36 discordant siblings. Cytokine gene polymorphisms with a potential regulatory role on their production were investigated using the family-based association test (FBAT): IFNγ intron-1 CA repeat at position 1349-1373; IL-13 - 1055/T; TGFβ +915G/C; IL-10 5′-proximal and distal microsatellites; TNFα - 308G/A, - 238G/A. The FBAT multi-allelic analysis showed an association between IFNγ polymorphism and susceptibility to IgAN (P=0.03). The bi-allelic analysis evidenced that the 13-CA repeat allele was preferentially transmitted to the affected individuals (P=0.006; Bonferroni P-value=0.04). The direct sequencing of IFNγ amplicons showed a strict association between the 13-CA repeat allele and the A variant of the +874T/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP rs2430561) directly adjacent to the 5′ end of the microsatellite. The in vitro production of IFNγ evaluated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 10 genotyped patients demonstrated a correlation between the +874A allele and a lower production of IFNγ (P=0.028 Mann-Whitney test). This SNP affects IFNγ production lying within a binding site for the transcription factor NF-γB. No significant difference was observed in the 15 years renal survival between IgAN patients carrying different IFNgamma; gene polymorphisms. This first family-based association study demonstrates that the +874A allele, strictly associated with IFNγ 13-CA repeat allele, confers susceptibility to IgAN, without influencing renal survival.
- Complex disease
- Cytokine polymorphisms
- Family-based association test
- IgA nephropathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas