Role of metabolism in the immunobiology of regulatory T cells

Mario Galgani, Veronica De Rosa, Antonio La Cava, Giuseppe Matarese

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Intracellular metabolism is central to cell activity and function. CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) that express the transcription factor FOXP3 play a pivotal role in the maintenance of immune tolerance to self. Recent studies showed that the metabolism and function of Tregs are influenced significantly by local environmental conditions and the availability of certain metabolites. It also was reported that defined metabolic programs associate with Treg differentiation, expression of FOXP3, and phenotype stabilization. This article reviews how metabolism modulates FOXP3 expression and Treg function, what environmental factors are involved, and how metabolic manipulation could alter Treg frequency and function in physiopathologic conditions. The Journal of Immunology, 2016, 197: 2567-2575.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2567-2575
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume197
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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