Role of minimally invasive surgery versus open approach in patients with early-stage uterine carcinosarcomas: a retrospective multicentric study

Giacomo Corrado, Francesca Ciccarone, Francesco Cosentino, Francesco Legge, Andrea Rosati, Martina Arcieri, Luigi Carlo Turco, Camilla Certelli, Alex Federico, Enrico Vizza, Francesco Fanfani, Giovanni Scambia, Gabriella Ferrandina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare surgical and survival outcome in only patients with early-stage UCSs managed by laparotomic surgery (LPT) versus minimally invasive surgery (MIS).

METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected in four Italian different institutions. Inclusion criteria were UCS diagnosis confirmed by the definitive histological examination, and stage I or II according to the FIGO staging system.

RESULTS: Between August 2000 and March 2019, the data relative to 170 patients bearing UCSs were collected: of these, 95 were defined as early-stage disease (stage I-II) based on the histological report at the primary surgery, and thus were included in this study. Forty-four patients were managed by LPT, and 51 patients were managed by MIS. The operative time was lower in the MIS group versus the LPT group (p value 0.021); the median estimated blood loss was less in the MIS group compared to the median of LPT group (p value < 0.0001). The length of hospital stay days was shorter in the MIS patients (p value < 0.0001). Overall, there were eight (8.4%) post-operative complications; of these, seven were recorded in the LPT group versus one in the MIS group (p value 0.023). There was no difference in the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: There was no difference of oncologic outcome between the two approaches, in face of a more favourable peri-operative and post-operative profile in the MIS group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-852
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Volume147
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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