Role of mTOR signaling in tumor microenvironment: An overview

Fabiana Conciatori, Chiara Bazzichetto, Italia Falcone, Sara Pilotto, Emilio Bria, Francesco Cognetti, Michele Milella, Ludovica Ciuffreda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway regulates major processes by integrating a variety of exogenous cues, including diverse environmental inputs in the tumor microenvironment (TME). In recent years, it has been well recognized that cancer cells co-exist and co-evolve with their TME, which is often involved in drug resistance. The mTOR pathway modulates the interactions between the stroma and the tumor, thereby affecting both the tumor immunity and angiogenesis. The activation of mTOR signaling is associated with these pro-oncogenic cellular processes, making mTOR a promising target for new combination therapies. This review highlights the role of mTOR signaling in the characterization and the activity of the TME’s elements and their implications in cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2453
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 19 2018

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Immunotherapy
  • mTOR
  • Tumor microenvironment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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