Role of palmitoylation of cysteine 415 in functional coupling CBreceptor to Gαprotein

Sergio Oddi, Antonio Totaro, Lucia Scipioni, Beatrice Dufrusine, Tomasz Maciej Stepniewski, Jana Selent, Mauro Maccarrone, Enrico Dainese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the role of CB1palmitoylation in modulating the functional interaction with G proteins both in the absence and presence of agonist binding. Our data show that the nonpalmitoylated CB1receptor significantly reduced its association with Gαi2. The agonist stimulation induced a partial dissociation of Gαi2proteins from the wild-type receptor, while on the C415A mutant the agonist binding was not able to induce a significant dissociation of Gαi2from the receptor. The lack of palmitoyl chain seems to hamper the ability of the receptor to functionally interact with the Gαi2and indicate that the palmitoyl chain is responsible for the functional transmission of the agonist-induced conformational change in the receptor of the G protein. These data were further corroborated by molecular dynamics simulations. Overall these results suggest that palmitoylation of the CB1receptor finely tunes its interaction with G proteins and serves as a targeting signal for its functional regulation. Of note, the possibility to reversibly modulate the palmitoylation of CB1receptor may offer a coordinated process of regulation and could open new therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalBiotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Aug 15 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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