Role of prognostic factors in the therapeutic strategy of primary gastric non Hodgkin's lymphomas.

G. Colucci, E. Naglieri, E. Maiello, F. Marzullo, M. L. Caruso, S. Leo, A. Pellecchia, A. Cramarossa, A. Timurian, F. Prete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate retrospectively in 64 gastric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (G-NHL) patients the role of some prognostic factors in the therapeutic strategy of this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-four primary G-NHL patients (39 males and 25 females; median age: 57 years) were retrospectively evaluated. Treatment consisted of surgery alone (S) in 7 patients, chemotherapy alone (CT) in 15, CT + radiotherapy (RT) in 2, S + RT in 2, S + CT in 19, S + CT + RT in 16. Three patients had no treatment. Forty-four patients received sub-total gastrectomy (21) or total gastrectomy (23), and 20 were not submitted to surgery. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 106 months (range 48-201), the four-year disease free survival (DFS) was 56% and overall survival (OS) was 59%. In the univariate analysis, tumor invasion depth (p = 0.007), stage (IIE1 vs IIE2: p = 0.007; I-IIE1 vs IIE2-IV: p = 0.0000009) and treatment (in stage IE-IIE1: p = n.s.; in stage IIE2-IV: p = 0.002) were significantly different. In the multivariate Cox regression model, stage was the only significant variable negatively influencing survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms the prognostic value of both the depth of invasion and the disease stage. In patients with early disease stages and disease localized to the gastric wall, a conservative approach can be recommended. No difference was found between the sub-total and total gastrectomy but surgery retains its fundamental role for G-NHL, even in advanced disease. Prospective trials are needed to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Terapeutica
Volume149
Issue number921
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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