Renal function and systemic hemodynamics were assessed in 10 hypertensive patients and in 10 age-matched normotensive subjects during control conditions (80 mEq of sodium/day) and after a salt load, either alone (480 mEq/day) or combined with indomethacin or sulindac. Indomethacin was used to induce ubiquitous inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis and sulindac to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis in all tissues except the kidney. Under control conditions there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in any measurement except blood pressure and total peripheral resistance. Also, the changes induced by salt load in the 2 groups were comparable. However, after indomethacin administration, only hypertensive patients showed a significant reduction in the 24-hour sodium excretion (from 417 ± 61 to 317 ± 49 mEq, p <0.05), so that the difference between this value and the corresponding value of normotensive subjects (453 ± 79 mEq) became significant (p <0.05). The changes in sodium excretion in hypertensive patients were significantly correlated with the changes in renal plasma flow (r = 0.803, p <0.01). However, cardiac output and renal blood flow showed a similar pattern in normal and hypertensive persons. Finally, after the addition of sulindac to salt load, the differences in the 24-hour sodium excretion vanished. These results were also confirmed in an ancillary study performed, using the same protocol, in 10 other hypertensive patients using ibuprofen rather than indomethacin. Our data suggest that renal prostaglandins participate in renal disposal of chronic salt load in hypertensive patients but not in normal persons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine