Role of radiotherapy in the treatment of renal cell cancer: Updated and critical review

Vincenzo Fusco, Salvatore Parisi, Barbara D'andrea, Michele Troiano, Maria Antonietta Clemente, Franco Morelli, Rocchina Caivano, Giuseppe Guglielmi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: The growing incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) raises many questions about the management of these patients. The late clinical presentation, the presence of locally advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis, the difficulty of radical surgical excision, and radioresistance make it one of the more challenging tumors to treat. The primary objective of this article is to propose an updated and critical review of the role of radiotherapy (RT) in the treatment of RCC. Methods: This literature review is based on data from meta-analyses and randomized, prospective, and retrospective studies. We collected reports from 1970 to the present about preoperative RT, postoperative RT, stereotactic body RT, radiosurgery, and intraoperative RT in locally advanced renal cancer and in metastatic diseases. Results: We emphasize the progress made in RT technology that allowed the creation of a more personalized and focused treatment with a minimum rate of complications. Conclusions: In the coming years, new studies will be published to confirm and increase the indications for use of RT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-510
Number of pages7
JournalTumori
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Keywords

  • External beam radiation therapy
  • Intraoperative radiotherapy
  • Postoperative radiotherapy
  • Renal cell cancer
  • Stereotactic body radiotherapy
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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