Role of relationship between HbA1c, fibrinogen and HDL-cholesterol on cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Objective: To assess the impact of relationship between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fibrinogen and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) on cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Methods: We investigated i) the relationship of HbA1c, fibrinogen and HDL-c in 375 coronary artery disease (CAD)-negative and 320 CAD-positive diabetic patients and ii) the association between clustering of these three factors and incident major cardiovascular events in 317/320 CAD-positive patients. Results: i) The relationships between HbA1c and both fibrinogen and HDL-c and between HDL-c and fibrinogen were significant only in CAD-positive patients (β = 10.655, p = 0.002; β = -1.056, p = 0.013; β = -1.751, p = 0.000008, respectively); ii) patients with worse-than-median levels of the three factors showed higher risk for major cardiovascular events than others (HR: 2.22, 95%CI = 1.23-4.02, p = 0.008). Both findings were independent of LDL-c, blood pressure or ongoing therapies. Conclusion: Our findings suggest interwoven actions of poor glycemic control, low grade inflammation and low HDL-c on atherosclerotic processes in type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-248
Number of pages2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2013



  • Atherogenic pathways
  • Cardiovascular risk excess in diabetes
  • Cardiovascular risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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