The antihypertensive efficacy of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors may result from the blockade of angiotensin II formation but also, theoretically, from the inhibition of kinin breakdown. To test whether a blunted activity of the kallikrein-kinin system might account for the failure of ACE inhibitors in lowering blood pressure (BP) in patients in whom the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is not enhanced, 31 essential hypertensives with normal or low plasma renin activity (PRA) were evaluated before and after a single oral dose (50 mg) of captopril. A significant fall, in both systolic and diastolic BP, was obtained in the subgroup of patients who were classified as ‘normal- kallikrein hypertensives’ according to whether their pretreatment urinary kallikrein excretion was within the normal range, while no significant change in BP was observed in ‘low-kallikrein hypertensives’. Furthermore, the mean percentage fall in mean BP, throughout the 2 h following captopril administration, was significantly related to the basal value of urinary kallikrein excretion (r = 0.47, P <0.05) in all the patients. Our results suggest that blunted activity of the kallikrein system might be responsible for failure of captopril to lower BP in some hypertensive patients.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Hypertension|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
- ACE inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Internal Medicine