Between July 1990 and December 1992, 112 patients underwent myocardial revascularization with arterial grafts in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Milan. Monovascular patients were excluded from the study. The right gastroepiploic artery was used in 44 patients (39.3%); mean age was 54.3 years and reoperation rate 18.2%. Of the 44 patients, previous myocardial infarction had occurred in 25 (57%). Emergency operation was performed in one case (2%). Mean left ventricular shortening fraction was 36% and mean ejection fraction 58.6%. Coronary artery disease was bivascular in 10 patients (23%) and trivascular in 34 (77%). The arterial revascularization in patients with gastroepiploic artery was performed using a left internal thoracic artery graft in all 44 patients; the right internal thoracic artery was used in 18 (41%) and the inferior epigastric artery in two (4%). The sites of gastroepiploic artery grafting were 55% posterior descending, 16% right coronary artery, 11% posterolateral branch, 14% circumflex and in 4% posterior descending and posterolateral as sequential graft. No patient died; postoperative myocardial infarction rate was 4%. No complications related to gastroepiploic artery utilization were noted. Forty-three (98%) of the gastroepiploic artery group underwent graft reinvestigation: the arteries were correctly visualized in 41 patients (95%) and were patent in 39 cases and stenotic in two. A mid-term postoperative stress test (mean 17.4 months) was performed in 91% of patients. Normal limits were found in 37 patients (92.5%) and an abnormal stress test result in three (7.5%). The contemporary follow-up showed no deaths or myocardial infarctions. Three patients (7%) had recurrent angina. The role of gastroepiploic artery in arterial revascularization has become fundamental, especially, it is believed, for the posterior or posterolateral left ventricular wall. The present data show the patients to be clinically and functionally well 1 year after operation.
- arterial graft
- myocardial revascularization
- right gastroepiploic artery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging