Role of Surface Electrocardiograms in Patients with Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices

Emanuela T. Locati, Giuseppe Bagliani, Alessio Testoni, Maurizio Lunati, Luigi Padeletti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Surface electrocardiograms, both resting 12-lead electrocardiographs and ambulatory electrocardiograph monitoring, play an essential role in establishing indications for cardiac implantable electronic devices (pacemakers, cardiac implantable defibrillators, and cardiac resynchronization therapies), and in the evaluation of patients already implanted. Current devices have prolonged memory capabilities (defined as Holter functions) and remote monitoring functions, to evaluate the electrical properties and the automatic detection of arrhythmias. Nonetheless, surface electrocardiography remains the critical tool to detect device malfunction, evaluate programming and function, verify the automatic arrhythmia analysis and the delivered electric therapy, and prevent inappropriate intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
EditorsPierre COLINET, Pierre LAMBERT
PublisherW.B. Saunders Ltd
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9780323610520
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018


  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Cardiac pacing
  • Cardiac resynchronization
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Pacemaker
  • Pacing mode
  • Syncope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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