Role of the microenvironment in the specification of endothelial progenitors derived from embryonic stem cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells capable of differentiating in all the cell types present in a living organism. They derive from the inner cell mass of blastocysts of different species including humans. Given their unlimited potential, ES cells represent an invaluable resource of different cell types for transplantation and tissue engineering applications. However, in order to accomplish these therapeutic purposes, efficient and controlled in vitro systems of directing ES cell differentiation are mandatory. ES cell differentiation is strongly influenced by physical, chemical and cellular signals provided by the local microenvironment. Understanding the relationships occurring between differentiating cells and surrounding environment is pivotal for a successful ES cells-based therapy. This review describes three different methods of in vitro differentiation of ES cells by outlining the environmental elements required for endothelial fate specification. For each system, the efficiency of endothelial differentiation, the accessibility and the advantages are discussed. The main conclusion that arises from this analysis is that the knowledge of the role played by microenvironment in cell fate determination is essential to control and take advantage of ES cells potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-183
Number of pages6
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

Embryonic Stem Cells
Stem cells
Specifications
Cell Differentiation
Blastocyst Inner Cell Mass
Transplantation (surgical)
Cell Engineering
Cellular Microenvironment
Cell Transplantation
Tissue Engineering
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Tissue engineering

Keywords

  • Cell fate
  • Embryoid bodies
  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Endothelial differentiation
  • Microenvironment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Role of the microenvironment in the specification of endothelial progenitors derived from embryonic stem cells",
abstract = "Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells capable of differentiating in all the cell types present in a living organism. They derive from the inner cell mass of blastocysts of different species including humans. Given their unlimited potential, ES cells represent an invaluable resource of different cell types for transplantation and tissue engineering applications. However, in order to accomplish these therapeutic purposes, efficient and controlled in vitro systems of directing ES cell differentiation are mandatory. ES cell differentiation is strongly influenced by physical, chemical and cellular signals provided by the local microenvironment. Understanding the relationships occurring between differentiating cells and surrounding environment is pivotal for a successful ES cells-based therapy. This review describes three different methods of in vitro differentiation of ES cells by outlining the environmental elements required for endothelial fate specification. For each system, the efficiency of endothelial differentiation, the accessibility and the advantages are discussed. The main conclusion that arises from this analysis is that the knowledge of the role played by microenvironment in cell fate determination is essential to control and take advantage of ES cells potential.",
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AU - Noghero, Alessio

AU - Bussolino, Federico

AU - Gualandris, Anna

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N2 - Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells capable of differentiating in all the cell types present in a living organism. They derive from the inner cell mass of blastocysts of different species including humans. Given their unlimited potential, ES cells represent an invaluable resource of different cell types for transplantation and tissue engineering applications. However, in order to accomplish these therapeutic purposes, efficient and controlled in vitro systems of directing ES cell differentiation are mandatory. ES cell differentiation is strongly influenced by physical, chemical and cellular signals provided by the local microenvironment. Understanding the relationships occurring between differentiating cells and surrounding environment is pivotal for a successful ES cells-based therapy. This review describes three different methods of in vitro differentiation of ES cells by outlining the environmental elements required for endothelial fate specification. For each system, the efficiency of endothelial differentiation, the accessibility and the advantages are discussed. The main conclusion that arises from this analysis is that the knowledge of the role played by microenvironment in cell fate determination is essential to control and take advantage of ES cells potential.

AB - Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells capable of differentiating in all the cell types present in a living organism. They derive from the inner cell mass of blastocysts of different species including humans. Given their unlimited potential, ES cells represent an invaluable resource of different cell types for transplantation and tissue engineering applications. However, in order to accomplish these therapeutic purposes, efficient and controlled in vitro systems of directing ES cell differentiation are mandatory. ES cell differentiation is strongly influenced by physical, chemical and cellular signals provided by the local microenvironment. Understanding the relationships occurring between differentiating cells and surrounding environment is pivotal for a successful ES cells-based therapy. This review describes three different methods of in vitro differentiation of ES cells by outlining the environmental elements required for endothelial fate specification. For each system, the efficiency of endothelial differentiation, the accessibility and the advantages are discussed. The main conclusion that arises from this analysis is that the knowledge of the role played by microenvironment in cell fate determination is essential to control and take advantage of ES cells potential.

KW - Cell fate

KW - Embryoid bodies

KW - Embryonic stem cells

KW - Endothelial differentiation

KW - Microenvironment

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