We administered iloprost, a stable prostacyclin mimetic, 27 nM, to isolated and perfused rabbit hearts submitted, after 60 min of equilibration, to an ischaemic period (60 min at a coronary flow of 1 ml/min) followed by a period of reperfusion (30 min at a coronary flow of 25 ml/min). Iloprost was delivered at different times during the experimental protocol: 60 min before ischaemia, at the onset and after 30 min of ischaemia and only during reperfusion. The iloprost cardioprotective effect was evaluated in terms of recovery of left ventricular pressure developed during reperfusion, creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and noradrenaline release, mitochondrial function (expressed as yield, RCI (respiratory control index), QO2, ADP/O), ATP and creatine phosphate (CP) tissue contents, calcium homeostasis and by measuring several parameters of oxidative stress: reduced and oxidized glutathior e release and tissue contents, Mn and Cu-Zn Superoxide dismutase activities; glutathione reductase and peroxidase activities. Our data show that the cytoprotective action of iloprost is closely related to the time of administration. Optimal myocardial preservation was achieved when it was given before or at the onset of ischaemia. Iloprost administration 30 min after the onset of ischaemia was still beneficial, although to a lesser extent. Iloprost lost its protective effect when given only on reperfusion. The data suggest that the iloprost cardioprotective effect is related to maintainance of membrane integrity.
- Ischaemia (myocardial)
- Reperfusion (myocardial)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience