Role of toll interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) 8, a negative regulator of il-1r/toll-like receptor signaling, in resistance to acute Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection

Tania Véliz Rodriguez, Federica Moalli, Nadia Polentarutti, Moira Paroni, Eduardo Bonavita, Achille Anselmo, Manuela Nebuloni, Stefano Mantero, Sébastien Jaillon, Alessandra Bragonzi, Alberto Mantovani, Federica Riva, Cecilia Garlanda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Toll interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) 8 (TIR8), also known as single Ig IL-1 receptor (IL-R)-related molecule, or SIGIRR, is a member of the IL-1R-like family, primarily expressed by epithelial cells. Current evidence suggests that TIR8 plays a nonredundant role as a negative regulator in vivo under different inflammatory conditions that are dependent on IL-R and Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation. In the present study, we examined the role of TIR8 in innate resistance to acute lung infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative pathogen responsible for life-threatening infections in immunocompromised individuals and cystic fibrosis patients. We show that Tir8 deficiency in mice was associated with increased susceptibility to acute P. aeruginosa infection, in terms of mortality and bacterial load, and to exacerbated local and systemic production of proinflammatory cytokines (gamma interferon [IFN-γ], tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α], IL-1β, and IL-6) and chemokines (CXCL1, CXCL2, and CCL2). It has been reported that host defense against P. aeruginosa acute lung infection can be improved by blocking IL-1 since exaggerated IL-1β production may be harmful for the host in this infection. In agreement with these data, IL-1RI deficiency rescues the phenotype observed in Tir8-deficient mice: in Tir8 -/- IL-1RI -/- double knockout mice we observed higher survival rates, enhanced bacterial clearance, and reduced levels of local and systemic cytokine and chemokine levels than in Tir8- deficient mice. These results suggest that TIR8 has a nonredundant effect in modulating the inflammation caused by P. aeruginosa, in particular, by negatively regulating IL-1RI signaling, which plays a major role in the pathogenesis of this infectious disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-109
Number of pages10
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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