Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) are chronic inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. When a suspicion of IBD arises, an ileocolo-noscopy with biopsies is required to establish the diagnosis. Imaging techniques play an impor-tant role in the stage and follow-up of IBD patients, especially in CD. Today, bowel ultrasound (US) has emerged as a non-invasive, easily available, well-tolerated, economic and reproducible technique for the assessment of direct and indirect signs of gut inflammation. In addition, it has been used for screening patients with clinically suspected CD, for the follow-up, and for the early detection of intra-abdominal complications, particularly abscesses and strictures. The use of bowel US for UC is less well validated because the condition has a limited mucosal and not transluminal involvement. The purpose of this article is to describe the role of bowel US for the detection and for the management of IBD.
|Translated title of the contribution||Role of ultrasound in inflammatory bowel diseases|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Endoscopia Digestiva|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging