The vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR-1) is a tyrosine kinase receptor frequently expressed in melanoma. Its activation by VEGF-A or placental growth factor (PlGF) promotes tumour cell survival, migration and invasiveness. Moreover, VEGFR-1 stimulation contributes to pathological angiogenesis and induces recruitment of tumour-associated macrophages. Since melanoma acquired resistance to BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi) has been associated with activation of pro-angiogenic pathways, we have investigated VEGFR-1 involvement in vemurafenib resistance. Results indicate that human melanoma cells rendered resistant to vemurafenib secrete greater amounts of VEGF-A and express higher VEGFR-1 levels compared with their BRAFi-sensitive counterparts. Transient VEGFR-1 silencing in susceptible melanoma cells delays resistance development, whereas in resistant cells it increases sensitivity to the BRAFi. Consistently, enforced VEGFR-1 expression, by stable gene transfection in receptor-negative melanoma cells, markedly reduces sensitivity to vemurafenib. Moreover, melanoma cells expressing VEGFR-1 are more invasive than VEGFR-1 deficient cells and receptor blockade by a specific monoclonal antibody (D16F7 mAb) reduces extracellular matrix invasion triggered by VEGF-A and PlGF. These data suggest that VEGFR-1 up-regulation might contribute to melanoma progression and spreading after acquisition of a drug-resistant phenotype. Thus, VEGFR-1 inhibition with D16F7 mAb might be a suitable adjunct therapy for VEGFR-1 positive tumours with acquired resistance to vemurafenib.