Phoniatrics is the medical specialty involved in the management of communication and swallowing disorders. Videoendoscopy plays an important role in the assessment of various disorders in the clinical practice of phoniatrics: the voice as well as the speech and swallowing mechanisms can be analysed through this procedure. Aim of the study is to describe videoendoscopic application in daily phoniatric practice: data on 1627 participants, consecutively examined, are reported. A total of 2004 videoendoscopy examinations were performed between March 1999 and December 2002. Study population comprising 1627 patients (716 male, 911 female); age ranged from 0.6 to 97 years. The following parameters were considered: a) function to be assessed through videoendoscopy (voice, speech, swallowing, other); b) phoniatric nosological chapter in participants with a recognized disease; c) age of participant; d) occupation of participant; d) medical discipline related to disease identified. Three populations were analysed: study population (1627 subjects), subjects requiring phoniatric consultation for voice and swallowing assessment. The participants examined endoscopically required a phoniatric consultation in order to have a voice or a swallowing assessment, respectively, in 67% and 20% of the cases. In 411 out of 1095 (37.5%) voice evaluations, no disorder was identified, while in most of the swallowing assessments (93.1%), a clear dysphagic disorder was detected. A bimodal distribution appeared in the 1627 participants and in the voice population with a first peak at age 20-40 years and a second peak at age 50-70. In the swallowing population, the number of participants examined appeared to increase with age. In the swallowing population, pensioners and clerks represent almost 80% of the population; in the total population, as well as in the voice populations, pensioners as well as teachers, singers and students are well represented. In most cases (52.5%), no clear disease was present. The two areas of disease most represented were otorhinolaryngology and neurology.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2005|
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