We have investigated the role of p55 and p75 tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2 (TNFR1 and TNFR2, respectively) in TNF-induced alteration of endothelial permeability in vitro and in vivo. Stimulation of TNFR1 with an agonist antibody or a receptor-selective TNF mutein increased the flux of 125I-albumin through endothelial cell monolayers. An antagonist anti-TNFR1 antibody, but not antagonist anti-TNFR2 antibodies, blocked the activity of TNF in vitro. Stimulation of TNFR1, but not TNFR2, induced cytoskeletal reorganization associated with increased permeability. SB-203580, a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, blocked TNFR1-induced cytoskeletal reorganization and permeability. A selective mouse TNFR1 agonist and human TNF, which binds to murine TNFR1, increased the leakage of trypan blue-albumin from liver vessels in mice. These results indicate that stimulation of TNFR1 is necessary and sufficient to increase endothelial permeability in vitro and in vivo. However, an antagonist anti-murine TNFR2 antibody partially inhibited the effect of murine TNF on liver vessels, suggesting that TNFR2 also plays a role in the regulation of TNF-induced vascular permeability in vivo.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology|
|Issue number||4 50-4|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology
- Physiology (medical)