The outcome of romiplostim for secondary failure of platelet recovery (SFPR) was investigated in children who had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Seven transfusion-dependent pediatric patients (median age 11 years), with platelet counts below 10 × 109/L, received four weekly doses of subcutaneous romiplostim to treat SFPR developed after HSCT. All patients, except one (patient 4), became platelet transfusion-independent in the second week from the beginning of treatment and no patient needed to discontinue drug treatment because of adverse events. Romiplostim could represent a beneficial first-line treatment, but further studies are required.
- Pediatric patients
- Secondary failure of platelet recovery
- Virus infection
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