Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling: A comparative study

M. Maritato, L. Orazi, D. Laurito, G. Formisano, E. Serra, M. Lollobrigida, A. Molinari, A. De Biase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and surface roughness changes in dental root samples following periodontal scaling by hand curette, piezoelectric ultrasonic devices or a combination of these. Methods: Twenty-four monoradicular teeth extracted as a result of periodontal disease were divided into 4 groups: Group A was treated by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon ® Master 400; Group P by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler PiezoSmart ® ; Group C using Gracey curette 7/8; Group AC by a combined technique of piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon ® Master 400 and Gracey curette 7/8. The treated samples were then analysed using a white light interferometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: Roughness analysis revealed major surface alterations in Group C (S a  = 24.98 μm); the samples treated using the combined technique (Group AC) showed reduced but still significant alteration (S a  = 14.48 μm), while samples treated with the piezoelectric ultrasonic devices (Group A and Group P) presented the lowest roughness values (S a  = 8.99 and S a  = 4.45 μm, respectively). A significant difference was found between groups C and P (P = 0.036). SEM analysis confirmed the roughness analysis revealing non-homogeneous surfaces in Group C, while a less morphological alteration was noted in the other groups. Conclusion: All periodontal devices used in this in vitro study produced a certain degree of surface alteration. Hand curettes appear to have a major impact on surface integrity compared with piezoelectric ultrasonic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-558
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Dental Hygiene
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

Ultrasonics
Equipment and Supplies
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Hand
Tooth Root
Periodontal Diseases
Tooth
Light

Keywords

  • calculus removal
  • dental scaling
  • hand curette
  • root planing
  • surface roughness
  • ultrasonic scaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling : A comparative study. / Maritato, M.; Orazi, L.; Laurito, D.; Formisano, G.; Serra, E.; Lollobrigida, M.; Molinari, A.; De Biase, A.

In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.11.2018, p. 553-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maritato, M. ; Orazi, L. ; Laurito, D. ; Formisano, G. ; Serra, E. ; Lollobrigida, M. ; Molinari, A. ; De Biase, A. / Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling : A comparative study. In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene. 2018 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 553-558.
@article{c3980133e1c94b448471326bcb287c20,
title = "Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling: A comparative study",
abstract = "Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and surface roughness changes in dental root samples following periodontal scaling by hand curette, piezoelectric ultrasonic devices or a combination of these. Methods: Twenty-four monoradicular teeth extracted as a result of periodontal disease were divided into 4 groups: Group A was treated by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon {\circledR} Master 400; Group P by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler PiezoSmart {\circledR} ; Group C using Gracey curette 7/8; Group AC by a combined technique of piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon {\circledR} Master 400 and Gracey curette 7/8. The treated samples were then analysed using a white light interferometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: Roughness analysis revealed major surface alterations in Group C (S a  = 24.98 μm); the samples treated using the combined technique (Group AC) showed reduced but still significant alteration (S a  = 14.48 μm), while samples treated with the piezoelectric ultrasonic devices (Group A and Group P) presented the lowest roughness values (S a  = 8.99 and S a  = 4.45 μm, respectively). A significant difference was found between groups C and P (P = 0.036). SEM analysis confirmed the roughness analysis revealing non-homogeneous surfaces in Group C, while a less morphological alteration was noted in the other groups. Conclusion: All periodontal devices used in this in vitro study produced a certain degree of surface alteration. Hand curettes appear to have a major impact on surface integrity compared with piezoelectric ultrasonic devices.",
keywords = "calculus removal, dental scaling, hand curette, root planing, surface roughness, ultrasonic scaling",
author = "M. Maritato and L. Orazi and D. Laurito and G. Formisano and E. Serra and M. Lollobrigida and A. Molinari and {De Biase}, A.",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/idh.12349",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "553--558",
journal = "International Journal of Dental Hygiene",
issn = "1601-5029",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Root surface alterations following manual and mechanical scaling

T2 - A comparative study

AU - Maritato, M.

AU - Orazi, L.

AU - Laurito, D.

AU - Formisano, G.

AU - Serra, E.

AU - Lollobrigida, M.

AU - Molinari, A.

AU - De Biase, A.

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and surface roughness changes in dental root samples following periodontal scaling by hand curette, piezoelectric ultrasonic devices or a combination of these. Methods: Twenty-four monoradicular teeth extracted as a result of periodontal disease were divided into 4 groups: Group A was treated by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon ® Master 400; Group P by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler PiezoSmart ® ; Group C using Gracey curette 7/8; Group AC by a combined technique of piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon ® Master 400 and Gracey curette 7/8. The treated samples were then analysed using a white light interferometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: Roughness analysis revealed major surface alterations in Group C (S a  = 24.98 μm); the samples treated using the combined technique (Group AC) showed reduced but still significant alteration (S a  = 14.48 μm), while samples treated with the piezoelectric ultrasonic devices (Group A and Group P) presented the lowest roughness values (S a  = 8.99 and S a  = 4.45 μm, respectively). A significant difference was found between groups C and P (P = 0.036). SEM analysis confirmed the roughness analysis revealing non-homogeneous surfaces in Group C, while a less morphological alteration was noted in the other groups. Conclusion: All periodontal devices used in this in vitro study produced a certain degree of surface alteration. Hand curettes appear to have a major impact on surface integrity compared with piezoelectric ultrasonic devices.

AB - Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and surface roughness changes in dental root samples following periodontal scaling by hand curette, piezoelectric ultrasonic devices or a combination of these. Methods: Twenty-four monoradicular teeth extracted as a result of periodontal disease were divided into 4 groups: Group A was treated by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon ® Master 400; Group P by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler PiezoSmart ® ; Group C using Gracey curette 7/8; Group AC by a combined technique of piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon ® Master 400 and Gracey curette 7/8. The treated samples were then analysed using a white light interferometer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: Roughness analysis revealed major surface alterations in Group C (S a  = 24.98 μm); the samples treated using the combined technique (Group AC) showed reduced but still significant alteration (S a  = 14.48 μm), while samples treated with the piezoelectric ultrasonic devices (Group A and Group P) presented the lowest roughness values (S a  = 8.99 and S a  = 4.45 μm, respectively). A significant difference was found between groups C and P (P = 0.036). SEM analysis confirmed the roughness analysis revealing non-homogeneous surfaces in Group C, while a less morphological alteration was noted in the other groups. Conclusion: All periodontal devices used in this in vitro study produced a certain degree of surface alteration. Hand curettes appear to have a major impact on surface integrity compared with piezoelectric ultrasonic devices.

KW - calculus removal

KW - dental scaling

KW - hand curette

KW - root planing

KW - surface roughness

KW - ultrasonic scaling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047615421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047615421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/idh.12349

DO - 10.1111/idh.12349

M3 - Article

C2 - 29797806

AN - SCOPUS:85047615421

VL - 16

SP - 553

EP - 558

JO - International Journal of Dental Hygiene

JF - International Journal of Dental Hygiene

SN - 1601-5029

IS - 4

ER -