Rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in improving fasting indexes of glucose metabolism in severely obese, non-diabetic patients

Amelia Brunani, A. Caumo, S. Graci, G. Castagna, G. Viberti, A. Liuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: In obese patients, the diet-induced weight loss markedly improves glucose tolerance with an increase in insulin sensitivity and a partial reduction of insulin secretion. The association with metformin treatment might potentiate the effect of diet alone. Methods: From patients admitted to our Nutritional Division for diet programme, we selected obese, non-diabetic, uncomplicated patients with age 18-65 years and body mass index 35-50 kg/m2 and studied the effects of a 6-month pharmacological treatment with either metformin (850 mg twice daily) or rosiglitazone (4 mg twice daily) on possible changes in body weight, fat mass, glucose and lipids metabolism. Results: A significant weight loss and reduction of fat mass was demonstrated with metformin (-9.7 ± 1.8 kg and -6.6 ± 1.1 kg) and also with rosiglitazone (-11.0 ± 1.9 kg and -7.2 ± 1.8 kg), without fluid retention in either treatment group. Rosiglitazone administration induced a significant decrease in glucose concentration (4.7 ± 0.1 vs. 4.4 ± 0.1 mmol/l, p <0.005) and insulin-circulating level (13.6 ± 1.5 vs. 8.0 ± 0.,7 μU/ml, p <0.005), an increase in insulin sensitivity as measured by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) of insulin sensitivity (68.9 ± 8.8 vs. 109.9 ± 10.3, p <0.005) with a concomitant decrease in β-cell function as measured by HOMA of β-cell function (163.2 ± 16.1 vs. 127.4 ± 8.4, p <0.005). In contrast, metformin did not produce any significant effect on blood glucose concentration, insulin level and HOMA2 indexes. No adverse events were registered with pharmacological treatments. Conclusion: Our study shows that in severely obese, non-diabetic, hyperinsulinaemic patients undergoing a nutritional programme, rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in producing favourable changes in fasting-based indexes of glucose metabolism, with a reduction of both insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia. In spite of previous studies reporting rosiglitazone-induced body weight gain, in our study the joint treatment with diet and rosiglitazone was accompanied by weight loss and fat mass reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-467
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

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rosiglitazone
Metformin
Fasting
Glucose
Insulin Resistance
Weight Loss
Fats
Insulin
Diet
Pharmacology
Reducing Diet
Therapeutics
Body Weight Changes
Hyperinsulinism
Lipid Metabolism
Weight Gain
Blood Glucose
Body Mass Index
Joints
Body Weight

Keywords

  • β-cell function
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Metformin
  • Obesity
  • Rosiglitazone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in improving fasting indexes of glucose metabolism in severely obese, non-diabetic patients. / Brunani, Amelia; Caumo, A.; Graci, S.; Castagna, G.; Viberti, G.; Liuzzi, A.

In: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Vol. 10, No. 6, 06.2008, p. 460-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Aim: In obese patients, the diet-induced weight loss markedly improves glucose tolerance with an increase in insulin sensitivity and a partial reduction of insulin secretion. The association with metformin treatment might potentiate the effect of diet alone. Methods: From patients admitted to our Nutritional Division for diet programme, we selected obese, non-diabetic, uncomplicated patients with age 18-65 years and body mass index 35-50 kg/m2 and studied the effects of a 6-month pharmacological treatment with either metformin (850 mg twice daily) or rosiglitazone (4 mg twice daily) on possible changes in body weight, fat mass, glucose and lipids metabolism. Results: A significant weight loss and reduction of fat mass was demonstrated with metformin (-9.7 ± 1.8 kg and -6.6 ± 1.1 kg) and also with rosiglitazone (-11.0 ± 1.9 kg and -7.2 ± 1.8 kg), without fluid retention in either treatment group. Rosiglitazone administration induced a significant decrease in glucose concentration (4.7 ± 0.1 vs. 4.4 ± 0.1 mmol/l, p <0.005) and insulin-circulating level (13.6 ± 1.5 vs. 8.0 ± 0.,7 μU/ml, p <0.005), an increase in insulin sensitivity as measured by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) of insulin sensitivity (68.9 ± 8.8 vs. 109.9 ± 10.3, p <0.005) with a concomitant decrease in β-cell function as measured by HOMA of β-cell function (163.2 ± 16.1 vs. 127.4 ± 8.4, p <0.005). In contrast, metformin did not produce any significant effect on blood glucose concentration, insulin level and HOMA2 indexes. No adverse events were registered with pharmacological treatments. Conclusion: Our study shows that in severely obese, non-diabetic, hyperinsulinaemic patients undergoing a nutritional programme, rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in producing favourable changes in fasting-based indexes of glucose metabolism, with a reduction of both insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia. In spite of previous studies reporting rosiglitazone-induced body weight gain, in our study the joint treatment with diet and rosiglitazone was accompanied by weight loss and fat mass reduction.",
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T1 - Rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in improving fasting indexes of glucose metabolism in severely obese, non-diabetic patients

AU - Brunani, Amelia

AU - Caumo, A.

AU - Graci, S.

AU - Castagna, G.

AU - Viberti, G.

AU - Liuzzi, A.

PY - 2008/6

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N2 - Aim: In obese patients, the diet-induced weight loss markedly improves glucose tolerance with an increase in insulin sensitivity and a partial reduction of insulin secretion. The association with metformin treatment might potentiate the effect of diet alone. Methods: From patients admitted to our Nutritional Division for diet programme, we selected obese, non-diabetic, uncomplicated patients with age 18-65 years and body mass index 35-50 kg/m2 and studied the effects of a 6-month pharmacological treatment with either metformin (850 mg twice daily) or rosiglitazone (4 mg twice daily) on possible changes in body weight, fat mass, glucose and lipids metabolism. Results: A significant weight loss and reduction of fat mass was demonstrated with metformin (-9.7 ± 1.8 kg and -6.6 ± 1.1 kg) and also with rosiglitazone (-11.0 ± 1.9 kg and -7.2 ± 1.8 kg), without fluid retention in either treatment group. Rosiglitazone administration induced a significant decrease in glucose concentration (4.7 ± 0.1 vs. 4.4 ± 0.1 mmol/l, p <0.005) and insulin-circulating level (13.6 ± 1.5 vs. 8.0 ± 0.,7 μU/ml, p <0.005), an increase in insulin sensitivity as measured by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) of insulin sensitivity (68.9 ± 8.8 vs. 109.9 ± 10.3, p <0.005) with a concomitant decrease in β-cell function as measured by HOMA of β-cell function (163.2 ± 16.1 vs. 127.4 ± 8.4, p <0.005). In contrast, metformin did not produce any significant effect on blood glucose concentration, insulin level and HOMA2 indexes. No adverse events were registered with pharmacological treatments. Conclusion: Our study shows that in severely obese, non-diabetic, hyperinsulinaemic patients undergoing a nutritional programme, rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in producing favourable changes in fasting-based indexes of glucose metabolism, with a reduction of both insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia. In spite of previous studies reporting rosiglitazone-induced body weight gain, in our study the joint treatment with diet and rosiglitazone was accompanied by weight loss and fat mass reduction.

AB - Aim: In obese patients, the diet-induced weight loss markedly improves glucose tolerance with an increase in insulin sensitivity and a partial reduction of insulin secretion. The association with metformin treatment might potentiate the effect of diet alone. Methods: From patients admitted to our Nutritional Division for diet programme, we selected obese, non-diabetic, uncomplicated patients with age 18-65 years and body mass index 35-50 kg/m2 and studied the effects of a 6-month pharmacological treatment with either metformin (850 mg twice daily) or rosiglitazone (4 mg twice daily) on possible changes in body weight, fat mass, glucose and lipids metabolism. Results: A significant weight loss and reduction of fat mass was demonstrated with metformin (-9.7 ± 1.8 kg and -6.6 ± 1.1 kg) and also with rosiglitazone (-11.0 ± 1.9 kg and -7.2 ± 1.8 kg), without fluid retention in either treatment group. Rosiglitazone administration induced a significant decrease in glucose concentration (4.7 ± 0.1 vs. 4.4 ± 0.1 mmol/l, p <0.005) and insulin-circulating level (13.6 ± 1.5 vs. 8.0 ± 0.,7 μU/ml, p <0.005), an increase in insulin sensitivity as measured by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) of insulin sensitivity (68.9 ± 8.8 vs. 109.9 ± 10.3, p <0.005) with a concomitant decrease in β-cell function as measured by HOMA of β-cell function (163.2 ± 16.1 vs. 127.4 ± 8.4, p <0.005). In contrast, metformin did not produce any significant effect on blood glucose concentration, insulin level and HOMA2 indexes. No adverse events were registered with pharmacological treatments. Conclusion: Our study shows that in severely obese, non-diabetic, hyperinsulinaemic patients undergoing a nutritional programme, rosiglitazone is more effective than metformin in producing favourable changes in fasting-based indexes of glucose metabolism, with a reduction of both insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia. In spite of previous studies reporting rosiglitazone-induced body weight gain, in our study the joint treatment with diet and rosiglitazone was accompanied by weight loss and fat mass reduction.

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