Rotating-disc micro-solid phase extraction of F2-isoprostanes from maternal and cord plasma by using oxidized buckypaper as sorbent membrane

Pierpaolo Tomai, Andrea Martinelli, Tecla Gasperi, Maria Bianchi, Velia Purcaro, Luciana Teofili, Patrizia Papacci, Maria Sofia Cori, Giovanni Vento, Roberta Curini, Salvatore Fanali, Alessandra Gentili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper describes the development of an original micro-solid phase extraction device and its evaluation for the isolation of F2-isoprostanes (F2-IsoPs) from cord and maternal plasma samples. The unit is very simple and consists in a rotating disc (1.8 cm diameter) of oxidized buckypaper (BP), enwrapped in a polypropylene mesh pouch. Even if the selected F2-IsoPs have logP and pKa values that make them suitable candidates for their sorption on BP, several parameters were optimized to maximize recoveries: time of adsorption and desorption; stirring speed; volume, pH and ionic strength of the sample; type, volume, and fractions of the elution solvent; oxidation grade of BP. Among all, the last one was crucial in affecting extraction yields because of the analyte interactions with polar functionalities, introduced by a preliminary oxidative acid treatment. The investigation established the optimal oxidation time and highlighted the pros and cons of the acid activation step. All extracts were analyzed by means of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Validation was performed according to the main FDA guidelines for bioanalytical methods. Depending on the spike level and analyte, recoveries ranged between 30 and 120% with precision and accuracy values lower than 20%. Quantitative analysis was accomplished by matrix-matched calibration curves whose determination coefficients were higher than 0.95. Lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) spanned the range 2.45–6.77 μg L−1. The validated method was applied to the analysis of eight pairs of mother/child plasma samples, revealing the presence of 8-iso-15-keto-PGF and 8-iso-PGE2 at a concentration of about 10 μg L−1 in most cord plasma samples of preterm newborns.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Biological samples
  • Buckypaper
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • LC–MS
  • Sample preparation
  • Solid phase extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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