Rotatory knee laxity tests and the pivot shift as tools for ACL treatment algorithm

Volker Musahl, Sebastian Kopf, Stephen Rabuck, Roland Becker, Willem van der Merwe, Stefano Zaffagnini, Freddie H. Fu, Jon Karlsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The goal of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery is to eliminate the pivot shift phenomenon. Different injury mechanisms and injury patterns may lead to specific knee laxity patterns. Computer navigation is helpful for the surgeon during examination under anesthesia. Surgical treatment may have to be altered if high-grade laxity is detected preoperatively for example by utilizing a computer navigation that is a helpful adjunct for surgeons during examination under anesthesia. A typical case for revision ACL reconstruction is presented. This article describes several techniques of laxity assessments. Based on the type and degree of pathologic laxity, a treatment algorithm has been developed. Level of evidence V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-800
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Clinical examination
  • Pivot shift
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Rotatory knee laxity tests and the pivot shift as tools for ACL treatment algorithm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this