Routes of elimination of hexamethylmelamine and pentamethylmelamine in the rat

T. Colombo, M. Broggini, A. Gescher, M. D'Incalci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


1. In the rat 40% of a dose of 25 mg/kg of hexamethylmelamine or pentamethylmelamine was excreted in the urine as metabolites, more than 95% of which were N2N4-dimethylmelamine and monomethylmelamine. 2. Biliary excretion of hexamethylmelamine or pentamethylmelamine and their N-demethylated metabolites accounted for less than 2% of the administered dose. Only 0.3% was excreted with the faeces, suggesting that there is intestinal reabsorption of a portion of the methylmelamines passing into the bile. 3. Conjugates of methylmelamines with glucuronic acid or sulphate were found only in minute quantities in the urine or bile of rats treated with hexamethylmelamine or pentamethylmelamine. However a conjugation product of pentamethylmelamine, of as yet unknown nature, is a major metabolite after pentamethylmelamine treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • Biochemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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