Routine blood analysis greatly reduces the false-negative rate of RT-PCR testing for COVID-19

Davide Ferrari, Eleonora Sabetta, Daniele Ceriotti, Andrea Motta, Marta Strollo, giuseppe banfi, Massimo Locatelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak is now a pandemic disease reaching as much as 210 countries worldwide with more than 2.5 million infected people and nearly 200.000 deaths. Amplification of viral RNA by RT-PCR represents the gold standard for confirmation of infection, yet it showed false-negative rates as large as 15-20% which may jeopardize the effect of the restrictive measures taken by governments. We previously showed that several hematological parameters were significantly different between COVID-19 positive and negative patients. Among them aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase had pre-dictive values as large as 90%. Thus a combination of RT-PCR and blood tests could reduce the false-negative rate of the genetic test. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 24 patients showing multiple and inconsistent RT-PCR, test during their first hospitalization period, and compared the genetic tests results with their AST and LDH levels. Results: We showed that when considering the hematological parameters, the RT-PCR false-negative rates were reduced by almost 4-fold. Conclusions: The study represents a preliminary work aiming at the development of strategies that, by combining RT-PCR tests with routine blood tests, will lower or even abolish the rate of RT-PCR false-negative results and thus will identify, with high accuracy, patients infected by COVID-19. (www.actabiomedica.it).

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020003
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalActa Biomedica
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 2020

Keywords

  • Aspartate aminotransferase
  • Blood test
  • COVID-19
  • Lactate dehydrogenase
  • RT-PCR
  • WBC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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