Kynurenic acid is an endogenous excitatory amino-acid receptor antagonist with neuroprotective and anticonvulsant properties. We demonstrate here that systemic administration of the new and potent kynurenine 3-hydroxyIase inhibitor (R,S)-3,4-dichlorobenzoylalanine (FCE 28833A) causes a dose-dependent elevation in endogenous kynurenine and kynurenic acid levels in rat brain tissue. In hippocampal microdialysates, peak increases of 10- and 80-fold above basal kynurenic acid concentrations, respectively, were obtained after a single oral or intraperitoneal administration of 400 mg/kg FCE 28833A. After intraperitoneal treatment with FCE 28833A, extracellular brain kynurenic acid levels remained significantly elevated for at least 22 h, rendering this compound a far more effective enhancer of kynurenic acid levels than the previously described kynurenine 3-hydroxylase blocker m-nitrobenzoylalanine. FCE 28833A and similar molecules may have therapeutic value in diseases which are linked to a hyperfunction of excitatory amino-acid receptors.
- Neurodegenerative disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience