Rumination and Emotional Profile in Children with Specific Learning Disorders and Their Parents

Paola Bonifacci, Valentina Tobia, Vanessa Marra, Lorenzo Desideri, Roberto Baiocco, Cristina Ottaviani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rumination, namely a cognitive process characterized by a repetitive thinking focused on negative feelings and thoughts, is a significant predictor for the onset of internalizing symptoms and has also been found to run in families. Rumination has never been studied in children with specific learning disorders (SLD), a population that, due to its condition, might encounter more difficulties in daily life and is at risk of increased psychological distress, compared to typically developing (TD) peers. The present study covers this gap by examining whether children with SLD, and their parents, tend to use rumination more than TD peers and their parents. The study also explores associations between rumination and both children's and parents' emotional profile. Results on 25 children with SLD and 25 TD peers and their parents (n = 150), showed higher levels of rumination in children with SLD when referring to a negative social situation, as well as higher levels of rumination in both mothers and fathers of children with SLD. Modest correlations between parents' and children's rumination traits were also found. This study offers evidence on rumination as a possible risk factor for children with SLD, particularly considering when they deal with social contexts.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 7 2020


  • emotional profile
  • family
  • rumination
  • specific learning disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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