Rumination and emotional profile in children with specific learning disorders and their parents: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

P. Bonifacci, V. Tobia, V. Marra, L. Desideri, R. Baiocco, C. Ottaviani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rumination, namely a cognitive process characterized by a repetitive thinking focused on negative feelings and thoughts, is a significant predictor for the onset of internalizing symptoms and has also been found to run in families. Rumination has never been studied in children with specific learning disorders (SLD), a population that, due to its condition, might encounter more difficulties in daily life and is at risk of increased psychological distress, compared to typically developing (TD) peers. The present study covers this gap by examining whether children with SLD, and their parents, tend to use rumination more than TD peers and their parents. The study also explores associations between rumination and both children’s and parents’ emotional profile. Results on 25 children with SLD and 25 TD peers and their parents (n = 150), showed higher levels of rumination in children with SLD when referring to a negative social situation, as well as higher levels of rumination in both mothers and fathers of children with SLD. Modest correlations between parents’ and children’s rumination traits were also found. This study offers evidence on rumination as a possible risk factor for children with SLD, particularly considering when they deal with social contexts. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish
Article number389
JournalInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Emotional profile
  • Family
  • Rumination
  • Specific learning disorders
  • child
  • cognition
  • family structure
  • learning
  • psychology
  • risk factor
  • social behavior
  • Article
  • behavior assessment
  • child parent relation
  • Children Response Style Questionnaire
  • clinical article
  • cognition assessment
  • cognitive rumination
  • controlled study
  • coping behavior
  • correlational study
  • depression
  • descriptive research
  • disease association
  • emotion assessment
  • Emotion Regulation Index for Children and Adolescent
  • emotionality
  • father
  • female
  • human
  • ICD-10
  • Kid Rumination Interview
  • learning disorder
  • male
  • mental function assessment
  • mother
  • parent
  • psychological well-being
  • school child
  • self esteem
  • social interaction
  • strengths and difficulties questionnaire
  • vignette
  • adult
  • child behavior
  • emotion
  • Italy
  • pathophysiology
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Behavior
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parents
  • Specific Learning Disorder

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