The study was conceived to evaluate if S-adenosil-L-methionine, a substance commonly used in the treatment of cholestasis in patients with cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis, exerts any immunological effect and if it is able to counterbalance bile acid-mediated immunosuppression. Proliferation and interleukin 2 and interferon-gamma secretion of human lymphocytes, collected from healthy subjects and exposed to mitogenic stimuli (phytohemagglutinin, pokeweed and anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies), were analysed in the basal condition or after exposure to S-adenosil-L-methionine and/or chenodeoxycholic acid. Chenodeoxycholic acid inhibited phytohemagglutinin-induced lymphocyte proliferation and interferon-gamma secretion, and phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed-mediated interleukin 2 secretion. S-adenosil-L-methionine did not affect lymphocyte proliferation while it reduced interleukin 2 secretion upon phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed stimulation and interferon-gamma secretion upon all stimuli tested. Moreover, S-adenosil-L-methionine counteracted chenodeoxycholic acid-mediated inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation and interleukin 2 secretion. The results of our study confirm the immunosuppressive role of chenodeoxycholic acid on both secretive and proliferative lymphocyte functions and provide evidence of immunomodulatory activities of S-adenosil-L-methionine and its capacity to antagonize chenodeoxycholic acid-mediated inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation and interleukin 2 secretion.
- Chenodeoxycholic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas