S-palmitoylation modulates human estrogen receptor-α functions

Filippo Acconcia, Paolo Ascenzi, Giulia Fabozzi, Paolo Visca, Maria Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

17β-Estradiol (E2)-induced rapid functions (from seconds to minutes) can be attributed to a fraction of nuclear estrogen receptor-α (ERα) localized at the plasma membrane. As a potential mechanism, we postulated that S-palmitoylation of the Cys447 residue may explain the ability of ERα to associate to plasma membrane making possible E2-dependent rapid functions [e.g., extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) activation]. Here, we report direct evidence that the mutation of the Cys447 residue to Ala impairs human ERα palmitoylation and E2-induced rapid ERK phosphorylation when transfected in ER-devoid HeLa cells. Moreover, the Cys447Ala mutation significantly decreases the E2-induced transactivation of an estrogen responsive element construct probe. Similar effects were obtained treating HeLa cells transfected with wild type ERα with the palmitoyl-acyltransferase inhibitor 2-bromo- hexadecanoic acid. Moreover, the deletion of the A-D domains (containing the DNA binding region) of ERα had no consequences on [3H] palmitate incorporation, whereas no palmitoylation occurred in the ERα mutant devoid of the E domain (i.e., ligand binding domain). These results point to the pivotal role of the Cys447 residue in ERα palmitoylation and in the modulation of E2-induced non-genomic functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-883
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume316
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 9 2004

Keywords

  • ERK
  • Estrogen receptor-α
  • Membrane estrogen receptor
  • S-palmitoylation
  • Transcriptional activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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