We investigated the efficacy of the peptide s-thanatin alone and in combination with tigecycline in an animal model of sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture. Adult male Wistar rats were randomized to receive intravenously isotonic sodium chloride solution, 5 mg/kg s-thanatin, 2 mg/kg tigecycline, 5 mg/kg s-thanatin combined with 2 mg/kg tigecycline. The experiment was also performed with administration of the drugs 360 min after the surgical procedure to better investigate the clinical situation where there is an interval between the onset of sepsis and the initiation of therapy. Lethality, bacterial growth in blood, peritoneum, spleen and liver, and NO indices were evaluated. All compounds reduced the lethality when compared to control. In all experiments, the compounds reduced significantly bacterial growth and lethality compared with saline treatment. Treatment with s-thanatin resulted in significant decrease in plasma NO levels compared to tigecycline and control group. The combination between s-thanatin and tigecycline proved to be the most effective treatment in reducing all variables measured. S-thanatin may have potential therapeutic usefulness alone and when associated to tigecycline in polymicrobial peritonitis.
- Antimicrobial peptides
- Polymicrobial peritonitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience