Although intrinsic apoptosis defects are causal to the extended survival of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B cells, several lines of evidence support a contribution of the peripheral lymphoid organs and BM microenvironment to the extended lifespan of leukemic B cells. Lymphocyte trafficking is controlled by homing signals provided by stromal cell-derived chemokines and egress signals provided by sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). In the present study, we show that expression of S1P1, the S1P receptor responsible for lymphocyte egress, is selectively reduced in CLL B cells with unmutated IGHV. Expression of S1P2, which controls B-cell homeostasis, is also impaired in CLL B cells but independently of the IGHV mutational status.We provide evidence herein that p66Shc, a Shc adaptor family member the deficiency of which is implicated in the apoptosis defects of CLL B cells, controls S1P1 expression through its pro-oxidant activity. p66Shc also controls the expression of the homing receptor CCR7, which opposes S1P1 by promoting lymphocyte retention in peripheral lymphoid organs. The results of the present study provide insights into the regulation of S1P1 expression in B cells and suggest that defective egress caused by impaired S1P1 expression contributes to the extended survival of CLL B cells by prolonging their residency in the prosurvival niche of peripheral lymphoid organs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology