Safety and efficacy of open irrigated-tip catheter ablation of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in children and adolescents

Simone Gulletta, Dimitris Tsiachris, Andrea Radinovic, Caterina Bisceglia, Patrizio Mazzone, Nicola Trevisi, Gabriele Paglino, Barbara Bellini, Simone Sala, Paolo Della Bella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Irrigated-tip catheter technology has been used for the elimination of resistant accessory pathways (AP) in adults with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, there are persistent concerns regarding the safety of irrigated catheters in the pediatric population. In this report we present our experience, in terms of effectiveness and safety, of irrigated catheter technology in children and adolescents who underwent ablation of WPW. Methods We prospectively followed up all patients less than 18 years old (n = 41, mean age of 12.8 years old) who were referred to our center for radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of WPW between January 2010 and July 2011. Catheter ablation was performed in all patients using an open irrigated-tip catheter (Celsius Thermocool 3.5 mm, 7F, B-type, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA). Power was started from 15 W up to 30 W in right-sided AP; RF pulses in left-sided APs were delivered at 40 W while 20 W was delivered inside the coronary sinus. Results Mean procedure time was 26.4 minutes and mean fluoroscopy time was 12.2 minutes. Overall procedural success was obtained in 39/41 (95.1%) patients after the first procedure. No complications were observed after the procedure. All patients attended their scheduled follow-up visit at 3, 6, and 12 months and no recurrences were observed based on 12-lead electrocardiogram and 24-hour Holter monitoring. Conclusions RF ablation of APs using open irrigated-tip catheters can be performed in children and adolescents with a high acute and long-term success rate, very short procedure times, and acceptable fluoroscopy times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-490
Number of pages5
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • irrigated catheter
  • radiofrequency catheter ablation
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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