Safety and efficacy of primary central nervous system lymphoma treatment in elderly population

Paola Gaviani, G. Simonetti, A. Innocenti, E. Lamperti, A. Botturi, A. Silvani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Elderly patients represent an important subgroup in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) that accounts for approximately half the cases. Furthermore age represents one of the heaviest prognostic factors and in some cases it has more effect on survival than therapies. We performed a retrospective analysis to assess the toxicity and the efficacy of high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) chemotherapy in a PCNSL population older than 70 years. Seventeen consecutive immunocompetent patients older than 70 years, with histologically confirmed PCNSL, without systemic involvement, treated with HDMTX at our institution between May 2005 and April 2013, were retrospectively evaluated. Main outcome measures were acute toxicity and tumour response. No evidence of haematological toxicity was recorded in 47 % of patients and no deaths related to toxicity grade were reported. Patients achieved a partial response after 3 cycles of chemotherapy in 53 % of cases. The median overall survival (m-OS) from diagnosis was 20.9 months (range 5.2–34 months), with OS-12 of 58.8 % and an OS-24 of 45.4 %. Since there is no standard of care in the treatment of PCNSL in elderly population, it should be taken into account that elderly patients not always can be considered “fragile” and the general tendency to less treat to avoid severe toxicity should not be the rule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-133
Number of pages3
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • High-dose methotrexate
  • Primary cerebral lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Dermatology

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