Safety and efficacy of travoprost solution for the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure

Luciano Quaranta, Ivano Riva, Andreas Katsanos, Irene Floriani, Marco Centofanti, Anastasios G P Konstas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Travoprost is a prostaglandin analogue widely used for reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients affected with glaucoma and ocular hypertension. It exerts its ocular hypotensive effect through the prostaglandin FP receptors, located in the ciliary muscle and the trabecular meshwork. Several studies have shown that topical administration of travoprost induces a mean IOP reduction ranging from 25% to 32%, and sustained throughout the 24-hour cycle. When compared with timolol, travoprost is more effective at reducing IOP, while generally no difference has been found in the head-to-head comparison with other prostaglandin analogues. The fixed combination of travoprost and timolol has demonstrated a hypotensive efficacy comparable to the concomitant administration of the two drugs. Recently, a new preservative-free formulation of travoprost 0.004% has been marketed for reducing tolerability-related problems in subjects affected with ocular surface disease. Low rates of topical and systemic adverse reactions, strong ocular hypotensive efficacy, and once-a-day dosing make travoprost a first-line treatment for patients affected with elevated IOP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-643
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 10 2015

Keywords

  • Glaucoma
  • Ocular hypertension
  • Prostaglandin analogue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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