Safety and functional results of early cochlear implant switch-on in children

Pasquale Marsella, Alessandro Scorpecci, Concettina Pacifico, Alessandra Resca, Maria Vittoria Vallarino, Angelo Ingrosso, Stefania Luchenti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and the possible advantages of early (1-wk) cochlear implant switch-on in children and to compare impedance and ECAP threshold changes between subjects undergoing early switch-on and those undergoing traditional, 1-month switch-on. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care referral pediatric center. PATIENTS: Seventeen children receiving a unilateral or bilateral Nucleus Freedom cochlear implant were included, for a total of 20 ears. Ten ears were assigned to the early (1-wk) switch-on group and 10 to the control group (switch-on after 4 wks). INTERVENTIONS: Common ground impedance values and electrically evoked compound action potential thresholds were measured from intraoperation until 9 months postoperatively. Speech perception improvements over time were also assessed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Complication rate, impedance levels (kΩ), and electrically evoked compound action potentials (current levels) RESULTS: Early switch-on was well tolerated by patients and did not cause complications. Impedances dropped significantly after switch-on in both groups. They also seemed to achieve an earlier stability in the early switch-on patients, although the difference between groups was not significant. ECAP thresholds showed a similar, nonsignificant decreasing trend over time in both groups. Speech perception improvements did not differ between groups. CONCLUSION: This is the first study investigating the safety and the effects of an early cochlear implant switch-on in children. Results show that such a procedure is well tolerated by pediatric subjects and free from complications. Impedance measurements suggest that the earlier switched-on subjects benefit of lower and more stable impedances than subjects undergoing 1-month switch-on.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Children
  • Cochlear implant
  • Early
  • Electrode
  • Impedance
  • Switch-on

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)

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