Safety and pharmacokinetics of medical cannabis preparation in a monocentric series of young patients with drug resistant epilepsy

Marcella Gherzi, Giulia Milano, Carmen Fucile, Maria Grazia Calevo, Maria Margherita Mancardi, Lino Nobili, Pietro Astuni, Valeria Marini, Sebastiano Barco, Giuliana Cangemi, Luca Manfredini, Francesca Mattioli, Elisa De Grandis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate safety and pharmacokinetic parameters (PK) of medical cannabis in add-on for children and young adults with drug-resistant epilepsy.

DESIGN, SETTING: Ten patients (4 females, 6 males, age 2.5-23.2 years) were enrolled in a prospective open trial with a galenic preparation (decoction) of Italian cannabis (FM2, ratio THC:CBD = 3:5, range THC 5.2-7.2 %; CBD 8.2-11.1 %). Patients received the first dose in Hospital, progressively augmented by CBD dose titration (from 1 to 4 mg/kg/day).

OUTCOME MEASURES: In order to assess safety, blood parameters, heart rates and electrocardiograms (ECGs) were evaluated before the enrollment and during the follow up. The PK study was performed measuring THC and CBD concentrations by UHPLC-MS/MS in plasma samples collected during the first administration and at each follow-up visit.

RESULTS: Two out of ten patients stopped the treatment for adverse events (detected in 6/10: gastroenteric, sleep or behavioral disorders) and difficulties in drug supply. We observed minor ECG alterations in two patients and asymptomatic transient reductions of fibrinogen after 6 months of therapy. The PK study during follow-up revealed statistically significant correlations between THC-CBD blood concentrations and: volumes of decoction, FM2 and THC-CBD daily dosages.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study, although with some limitations, shows a good safety profile of medical cannabis in children and young patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and encourages the possibility of further studies with oral cannabis-based drugs. The correlations between THC-CBD plasma concentrations and their administered dosages underline the need of a therapeutic drug monitoring for cannabinoids therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102402
JournalComplement. Ther. Med.
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Resistant Epilepsy/drug therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Marijuana/administration & dosage
  • Prospective Studies
  • Young Adult

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