Safety of high-dose vitamin A: Randomized trial on lung cancer chemoprevention

Ugo Pastorino, Giuseppe Chiesa, Maurizio Infante, Euro Soresi, Maurizia Clerici, Maurizio Valente, Pier Angela Belloni, Gianni Ravasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The paper reports on the efficacy and side effects of high-dose vitamin A. administered as adjuvant treatment for resected stage I lung cancer in a randomized clinical trial. After a median follow-up of 28 months. 283 patients were evaluable: 138 allocated to treatment with retinol palmitate (300.000 IU daily for at least 12 months) and 145 to standard observation. The clinical results available to date do well justify a continuation of the study. Skin dryness and desquamation were the most frequent symptoms, affecting 60% of all treated patients. Other symptoms such as dyspepsia, headache, nosebleeds and mild hair loss occurred in less than 10% of patients, and were self-terminating. Only in 4 patients (3%) was the treatment interrupted because of symptoms potentially related to vitamin A administration. As for laboratory tests, γ-GT levels were abnormally elevated in 69% of treated patients vs. 39% of controls at 24 months (mean 149 vs. 58 IU 1: p <0.05). Serum triglyceride concentrations over 150mg/dl were seen in 74% of treated patients vs. 43% of controls at 12 months (mean 283 vs. 179mg'dl; p <0.05). There were no other laboratory signs of toxicity attributable to vitamin A. In our experience, high-dose retinoyl palmitate administration was a well-tolerated and safe treatment. The long-term impact on lipid metabolism still remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalOncology
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Adjuvant treatment
  • Chemoprevention
  • Lung cancer
  • Toxicity
  • Vitamin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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  • Cite this

    Pastorino, U., Chiesa, G., Infante, M., Soresi, E., Clerici, M., Valente, M., Belloni, P. A., & Ravasi, G. (1991). Safety of high-dose vitamin A: Randomized trial on lung cancer chemoprevention. Oncology, 48(2), 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1159/000226912