Safety of inhaled corticosteroids: Room for improvement

Giovanni A. Rossi, Franklin Cerasoli, Mario Cazzola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the standard of care in asthma and are widely used in the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. High-dose regimens and long-term use of ICS in predisposed individuals may be associated with a variety of side effects, similar to those observed with systemic corticosteroid therapy. Side effects associated with long-term ICS use include reduction in growth velocity, cataracts, glaucoma, osteoporosis, and fractures. Fear of unwanted complications may be of concern in all patients using ICS, particularly in age- and gender-specific populations that are more prone to develop side effects or to reduce treatment adherence because of physical, behavioral, or psychological problems. In addition to concerns about ICS safety, dosing regimens that are difficult to follow may further reduce a patient's ability to comply with treatment. Ciclesonide, a new-generation ICS with unique pharmacokinetic properties, was developed to provide effective anti-inflammatory control for asthma with once-daily administration to improve patient adherence and a high safety profile to reduce the occurrence of local and systemic side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-35
Number of pages13
JournalPulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007


  • Adrenal suppression
  • Growth velocity
  • HPA axis
  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Skin thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Pharmacology


Dive into the research topics of 'Safety of inhaled corticosteroids: Room for improvement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this