Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of salvage stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with biopsy-proven local prostate cancer recurrence after radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: Between April 2010 and January 2017, 100 patients were included in 7 centers. Disease extension was assessed by pelvic multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and choline positron emission tomography in 87% and 94% of patients, respectively. The median time interval between the 2 treatments was 7.5 years (range, 2-18). Median prostate-specific antigen at recurrence was 4.3 ng/mL (range, 2-38). Median SBRT dose was 36 Gy (range, 25-36.25) in 6 fractions (range, 5-6), every other day. Thirty-four percent of patients were treated by androgen deprivation therapy for a median duration of 12 months. Toxicity was assessed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03. Results: Median follow-up was 29.3 months (range, 4-91). Second biochemical recurrence-free survival rate at 3 years was 55% (95% confidence interval [CI], 42%-66%). The initial D'Amico group, time interval after first radiation therapy, and SBRT dose were prognostic factors of biochemical recurrence-free survival in multivariate analysis (P =.09, P =.025, P =.018, respectively). No patient developed acute gastrointestinal toxicity of grade >1; rates of acute genitourinary toxicity of grade 2 and 3 were 8% and 1%, respectively. The actuarial 3-year grade ≥2 genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity was 20.8% (95% CI, 13%-29%) and 1% (95% CI, 0.1%-5.1%), respectively. One patient presented with neuritis of grade 3. Conclusions: With a short follow-up, this study shows that salvage SBRT allows for encouraging control and acceptable toxicity. Further prospective studies are necessary to confirm these preliminary results and to determine late toxicity.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 15 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research