Salvage therapy or simplification of salvage regimens with dolutegravir plus ritonavir-boosted darunavir dual therapy in highly cART-experienced subjects: An Italian cohort

Amedeo F. Capetti, Gaetana Sterrantino, Maria V. Cossu, Giovanni Cenderello, Anna M. Cattelan, Giuseppe V. De Socio, Stefano Rusconi, Niccolò Riccardi, Gian M. Baldin, Serena Cima, Fosca P. Niero, Giuliano Rizzardini, Lolita Sasset

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Dolutegravir plus darunavir provide a high genetic barrier to HIV-1 resistance and are suitable for simple salvage regimens. Methods: All HIV-1-infected subjects treated with dolutegravir plus boosted darunavir dual therapy between March 2011 and September 2015 were included in an observational cohort. Data were collected at baseline and at weeks 4, 12, 24 and 48. Results: We enrolled 113 subjects. After week 24, one was lost at follow-up, one dropped out for grade 2 elevation of liver enzymes, one died from illicit drug abuse and one from cancer-related sepsis. The mean age was 51, 26.5% were female and 9.7% were non-Caucasian. Twenty had never experienced failure. A total of 99 had reversetranscriptase (RT) mutations, 87 had protease inhibitor mutations and 12 had integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) mutations. Viraemic patients declined from baseline to week 24 from 43.4% to 6.2%, the remainder being due to high baseline viraemia or adherence issues. The proportion of subjects with viraemia 1-49 copies/ml remained at 20.4% while those in whom no virus was detected (NVD) increased from 36.3% to 73.5% by week 24. All the 47 subjects who had a 48-week follow-up had <50 copies/ml and 42 (89.4%) had NVD. 18 subjects had reduced sensitivity to darunavir (Stanford median score 15, range 15-40), but none rebounded, 6 having a 24-week and 7 a 48-week follow-up. The median variation in serum creatinine was -0.01 (range +0.2 to -0.21) mg/dl. Conclusions: This dual regimen provides a simple salvage regimen and proved safe and effective in this cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-262
Number of pages6
JournalAntiviral Therapy
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Capetti, A. F., Sterrantino, G., Cossu, M. V., Cenderello, G., Cattelan, A. M., De Socio, G. V., Rusconi, S., Riccardi, N., Baldin, G. M., Cima, S., Niero, F. P., Rizzardini, G., & Sasset, L. (2017). Salvage therapy or simplification of salvage regimens with dolutegravir plus ritonavir-boosted darunavir dual therapy in highly cART-experienced subjects: An Italian cohort. Antiviral Therapy, 22(3), 257-262. https://doi.org/10.3851/IMP3095