Several case reports describing the coexistence of sarcoidosis and malignancy have been published. Therefore, sarcoidosis should always be considered as a differential diagnosis when a cancer patient develops lymphadenopathy. Positron-emission tomography (PET) 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy. d-glucose (FDG) combined with computed tomography (CT) is widely used for cancer staging and surveillance because it permits localization of metabolically active malignant tissue. PET/CT or CT findings in patients with suspected cancer recurrence can be used to guide early and aggressive therapy. However, benign hypermetabolic lymphadenopathy can mimic malignant lymphadenopathy, both on a conventional CT scan and on PET/CT. Thus, it is important to obtain a histological diagnosis before initiating antineoplastic therapy based on imaging findings. Four cases of patients affected by gynaecological malignancies and coexisting sarcoidosis are reported in this study. Furthermore, the clinical relevance of making a differential diagnosis between gynaecological cancer recurrence and granulomatous disorder is given specific mention.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2013|
- Gynaecological malignancies
- PET/CT false positive
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging