Sarcopenia in gastric cancer: when the loss costs too much

Elena Ongaro, Vanessa Buoro, Marika Cinausero, Riccardo Caccialanza, Annalisa Turri, Valentina Fanotto, Debora Basile, Maria Grazia Vitale, Paola Ermacora, Giovanni Gerardo Cardellino, Laura Nicoletti, Lorenzo Fornaro, Andrea Casadei-Gardini, Giuseppe Aprile

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Sarcopenia is a complex syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Malignancy is a major determinant of sarcopenia, and gastric cancer (GC) is among the most common causes of this phenomenon. As sarcopenia is a well-recognized poor prognostic feature in GC and has been associated with worse tolerance of surgical and medical treatments, members of the multidisciplinary team should be aware of the clinical relevance, pathogenic mechanisms, and potential treatments for this syndrome. The importance of sarcopenia is often underestimated in everyday practice and clinical trials, particularly among elderly or fragile patients. As treatment options are improving in all disease stages, deeper knowledge and greater attention to the metabolic balance in GC patients could further increase the benefit of novel therapeutic strategies and dramatically impact on quality of life. In this review, we describe the role of sarcopenia in different phases of GC progression. Our aim is to provide oncologists and surgeons dealing with GC patients with a useful tool for comprehensive assessment and timely management of this potentially life-threatening condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-572
Number of pages10
JournalGastric Cancer
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Review

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sarcopenia in gastric cancer: when the loss costs too much'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Ongaro, E., Buoro, V., Cinausero, M., Caccialanza, R., Turri, A., Fanotto, V., Basile, D., Vitale, M. G., Ermacora, P., Cardellino, G. G., Nicoletti, L., Fornaro, L., Casadei-Gardini, A., & Aprile, G. (2017). Sarcopenia in gastric cancer: when the loss costs too much. Gastric Cancer, 20(4), 563-572. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10120-017-0722-9